January 14, 2023

Homily on the Trinity Consubstantial and Indivisible (St. John Maximovitch)

By St. John Maximovitch

Father, Son and Holy Spirit are of one essence, one nature, one substance. Therefore, the Three Persons are the Trinity consubstantial. People also have one essence, one nature.

But while God is the Indivisible Trinity, divisions constantly occur in people. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit have one thought, one will, one action. What the Father desires, the Son desires, and the Holy Spirit also desires. What the Son loves, the Father and the Holy Spirit love. What is pleasing to the Holy Spirit is pleasing to both the Father and the Son. Their actions are also one, they all perform jointly and in accordance. Not so with people. They have constant differences of opinion, different desires. Already a small child manifests his desires, willfulness, disobedience to his loving parents. The more it grows, the more it separates from them and, often in our time, becomes completely alien to them. In general, there are almost no identical opinions between people, on the contrary, constant divisions in everything, enmity, quarrels between individuals, wars between peoples. Adam and Eve before the fall were in everything agreed with each other and unanimous. Having sinned, they immediately felt estrangement. Justifying himself before God, Adam shifted the blame on Eve. Sin divided them and continued to divide and separate the human race. Being freed from sin, we draw closer to God and, being filled with goodness from Him, we feel our unity with other people. That unity is far from perfect and incomplete, because everyone has some share of sin. The closer we are to God, the closer to each other, just as the rays are closer to each other, the closer they are to the sun. In the coming Kingdom of God there will be unity, mutual love and harmony. The Holy Trinity is always unchanging, all-perfect, consubstantial and indivisible.

The One and Indivisible Trinity always remains the Trinity. The Father always remains the Father, the Son the Son, the Holy Spirit the Holy Spirit. In addition to their personal Properties, they have everything in common and one. Therefore, the Holy Trinity is One God.

"Holy, Holy, Holy" we call to God. The threefold repetition of "Holy" indicates the Trinity, that God is the Holy Trinity. But you can’t say “Holies”, because they are not three, but one God.

Source: Translated by John Sanidopoulos.

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